Hypertension is essentially high blood pressure, where the person’s systolic pressure is 140 or higher and the diastolic pressure is 90 or higher. If this condition is left untreated, the person will survive for approximately 20 years from the onset of hypertension. This silent, painless disease can cause harm without any warning, and most people aren’t aware they suffer from it until the time it begins to damage their organs.
What Causes Hypertension?
Once organ deterioration begins, it indicates that hypertension is in its final stages. The patient doesn’t have more than a few years to live unless specialized aggressive disease management treatment is undertaken. The fact is, that there is no specific cause for hypertension. However, there are a number of conditions that can lead to its development such as:
- Genetic makeup
- Nervous disorders
- Stressful lifestyle
- Lack of exercise
Hypertension- The Effects
This is an extremely serious condition as it has a long-term effect on the vital organs of the body such as the heart, brain, blood vessels, kidneys etc. Take a look at how hypertension affects these organs:
- Heart- The heart has to work much harder than normal; it becomes enlarged and cannot function properly.
- Brain- With an increase in blood pressure, the inner lining of the brain’s blood vessels can develop aneurysms (small blisters). These can end up bursting very suddenly resulting in a stroke (brain hemorrhage).
- Blood Vessels- If blood pressure isn’t brought under control, some of the fat that circulates, gets pushed into the arterial walls much faster. This causes the buildup of plaque in the arteries, somewhat in the manner that rust builds up inside metal pipes. While plaque accumulation can be caused by various other factors, hypertension aggravates the condition.
- Kidneys- Hypertension can result in the thickening and narrowing of arteries inside the kidneys. This significantly reduces the amount of fluid that these organs can filter. This causes the waste products from the body to accumulate and eventually leads to complete kidney failure.
Why Is It So Difficult To Diagnose Hypertension?
One of the primary reasons why hypertension is very difficult to diagnose as well as manage is because the diastolic and systolic pressures are never static. Both of these get impacted by activities within the person’s cardiovascular system. The most significant blood pressure changes occur:
- In direct response to the person’s external environment. The blood pressure can vary to a considerable extent during the day based on psychological stress, environmental factors as well as physical activity. In fact, there can be a fluctuation of up to 40 mmHg on a daily basis.
- Due to seasonal changes in the blood pressure based on the aldosterone levels in the bloodstream. This hormone is secreted by the adrenal gland; it impacts blood volume when the body retains sodium and is unable to excrete potassium efficiently. Aldosterone levels are generally a little higher in the winter time & lower in the summer months. This causes lower summer pressures and higher winter pressures.
- In the doctor’s office while the person is getting their measurements taken. This psychological response is referred to as Office or White Coat syndrome.
Sometimes, the psychological system can become compensated, causing patients that otherwise have a higher blood pressure, to present normal or low blood pressure when in the presence of a physician.
How an Experienced Internist in Las Vegas Can Help
This is also why it becomes very important that people with hypertension should consult the best internist in Las Vegas like Dr. Dipti Shah. Primary care is typically the first step that a patient needs to take when attempting to manage a chronic or lifestyle disease. Radar Medical’s Dr. Shah will ensure that your blood pressure reading is taken at every visit. These regular checks go a long way in identifying a potential problem before it gets out of hand.
As a leading internal medicine medical practice Las Vegas, we at Radar Medical follow very detailed patient care procedures. Dr. Dipti Shah will very consistently share & coordinate the relevant clinical information with your healthcare provider, so you get the best possible medical care.
Hypertension- How It Can Be Avoided
While you will get guidance and proper treatment from your experienced internist in Las Vegas, NV, there are certain things you can do in order to avoid hypertension such as:
- Limit your overall sodium intake. This means avoiding the consumption of all types of packaged foods and frozen meats etc.
- The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) is a diet specifically designed and proven to help reduce hypertension. Your doctor will provide detailed information about what needs to be included in your diet.
- Maintain good activity levels. Add at least 30- 60 minutes of moderate exercise such as swimming, biking or walking, at least four to seven days a week, into your daily routine. This can go a long way in lowering your blood pressure and preventing hypertension.
- Maintain a healthy weight. There is a direct correlation between weight loss and lower blood pressure. Your internal medicine specialist Las Vegas will help you measure your waist and calculate your BMI.
- Consume alcohol in moderation.
- Quit smoking and make it a point to avoid second-hand smoke as well.
Medical Conditions and Diseases That Dr. Shah Treats
When it comes to managing any disease including hypertension, it is crucial that you consult a credible and qualified internist in Las Vegas, NV. Dr. Dipti Shah at Radar Medical provides outstanding medical care for a range of chronic diseases including:
- Sleep Disorders
- Heart Disease
- And More…
Dr. Dipti Shah is equipped to deal with a variety of injuries and illnesses including acute and chronic conditions, both rare and common. In addition, she is lauded as one of the best nephrologists in Las Vegas, NV.
Dr. Shah excels at providing ear/nose/throat patient care, disease management, preventative medicine services, wellness coaching, and more. With her medical intervention, advice, and treatment, you would be able to successfully keep hypertension under control and avoid all its ill effects.